Energy infrastructure priorities for 2020 and beyond-17 November 2010
Following the Energy 2020 communication, adopted last 10th November 2010, this communication calls for a step change in the way Europeans plan, construct and operate energy infrastructures and networks.
It is important to note that these energy networks are going to promote not only EU energy policies but also the EU’s economic strategy. Today, the network is far from letting the European citizens get benefit either from the economical or energetic point of view.
The commission proposes short term and long term infrastructures. The short terms priorities follow:
1. PRIORITY CORRIDORS FOR ELECTRICITY, GAS AND OIL
To ensure timely integration of renewable generation capacities in Northern and Southern Europe and further market integration, the Commission proposes the following corridors:
- Offshore grid in the Northern Seas and connection to Northern as well as Central Europe – to integrate and connect energy production capacities
- Interconnection in South Western Europe to accommodate renewables, in particular between the Iberian Peninsula and France. The following actions are key to reach 2020 objectives:
- To adequate develop interconnections in the region and the accommodation of the existing national networks to those new projects. An interconnection of 4 GW will be needed between Spain and France by 2020
- To connect with third countries, for instance, to connect Italy with Albania, Montenegro and Croatia.
- To expand and reinforce the Morocco-Spain and Tunisia-Italy interconnections
- To promote interconnections in North African neighbour countries
- Connections in Central Eastern and South Eastern Europe
The following projects should be developed to ensure the connection and transmission of generation in Northern Germany and better integration of South-Eastern European electricity networks:
– The development of adequate interconnections, notably between Germany and Poland, to connect new and renewable generation capacities in or close to the North Sea
-Cross-border capacity expansion between Slovakia, Hungary and Austria
– To increase transfer capacities between South East European countries to allow their integration within Central European energy markets
- Completion of the Baltic Energy Market Interconnection Plan
2. DIVERSIFY GAS SUPPLIERS TO A FULLY INTERCONNECTED AND FLEXIBLE EU GAS NETWORK
The identified priority corridors follow:
- Southern corridor to further diversify sources at the EU level and to bring gas from the Caspian Basin, Central Asia and the Middle East to the EU.
- Linking the Baltic, Black, Adriatic and Aegean seas through the implementation of the BEMIP plan and the North-South corridors in Central Eastern and South-East Europe.
- North-South corridor in Western Europe to remove internal bottlenecks
3. ENSURING THE SECURITY OF OIL SUPPLY
- Reinforcing the interoperability of the Central-Eastern European pipeline network
4. ROLL-OUT OF SMART GRIDS TECHNOLOGIES
- Providing the necessary framework and initial incentives for rapid investments to support
- a competitive retail market
- a well-functioning energy services market which gives real choices for energy savings and efficiency
- the integration of renewable and distributed generation
- the accommodation of new types of demand
- Assessing the need for further legislation
- Setting up a smart grids transparency and information platform
Preparation for long term requirements includes constructing Electricity Highways and a CO2 transport infrastructure. These priorities should be translated into concrete projects through the establishment of a rolling program.
To speed up the implementation of the abovementioned projects, the Commissions intends to reinforce the role of existing Regional Initiatives, establish faster and more transparent permit granted procedures and providing better information and a stable financial framework.
The constraints on public and private funding possibilities over the next years should not be an obstacle for constructing the necessary infrastructure.
The Commission intends to prepare for 2011 appropriate initiatives for the financial framework, addressing the regulatory and financial aspects identified in the Communication.